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非谓语动词的动名词和现在分词

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非谓语动词的动名词和现在分词
gerund vs. present participle

形式上:v.+ing
含义用法不同
动名词 现在分词

具有名词的特点,可作主语、宾语、表语、 时间上:正在进行;语态:主动 定语等; 可作:状语、补语、表语、定语等成分 还具有动词的某些特点,如:可带宾语, 可受副词修饰等。 Dancing is fun. I enjoy dancing. My job is raising pigs. swiming pool; reading room Walking quickly is difficult than speaking it. Being ill, she stayed at home. Please answer the question using another way. Don't have the students studying all day. The argument is very convincing. a running boy; the girl standing there

作定语的区别
动名词作定语:大多表示用 途 smoking room; drinking water; a walking stick 现在分词作定语,表示动作 由中心词所表示的人、物发 出。 a reading girl; a girl is reading a sleeping child; a child is sleeping

作表语的区别
动名词作表语,兼有n. 和v. 的特征, 可以用物主代词(my/his)和名词所 有格来修饰 One of his bad habits is not speaking clearly. What we expected is Tom's/his coming. 现在分词作表语,表示主语的性质、 特征,具有adj.的特点 The situation is encouraging. The news is exciting.

通常可与主语更换位置 不可与主语更换位置 What worried the child most was his not being allowed to visit his mother. His not being allowed to visit his mother was what worried the child most.

Excercise:
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Our job is playing all kinds of music. The film is exciting.

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Thank you!




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